Welcome to the European Project Unique
Acronym
UNIQUE
Expanded Title
Integration of particulate abatement, removal of trace elements and tar reforming in one biomass steam gasification reactor yielding high purity syngas
Programme and Description
Seventh Framework Programme - ENERGY UNIfHY project is related to the UNIQUE project, which run from 2008 to 2010. More in detail, the UNIQUE project demonstrated the feasibility of the fluidized bed gasifier to produce a clean syngas similar to that obtained by steam methane reforming for fuel cells applications. Within the UNIfHY project, the UNIQUE integrated system has been tested at laboratory scale and at industrial scale. Particularly a compact indirectly heated (100 kWth) and a steam/oxygen gasifier (1 MWth) have been developed to test the UNIQUE technology in the two gasification alternatives. This arrangement demonstrates high conversion of tar, elimination of trace elements and efficient abatement of particulates, delivering high purity syngas.
Leader
Seventh Framework Programme - ENERGY
Link
http://www.uniqueproject.eu/
Acronym
FFW - Fuel From Waste
Expanded Title
Liquid and gas Fischer-Tropsch fuel production from olive industry waste: fuel from waste
Programme and Description
Seventh Framewrok Programme - Environment This project made similar lab scale activities of unifhy but regarding olive cultivation waste and regarding biofuel production (FT and methanation process from syngas). Thus some research and deliverables (catalyst, process analysis, techno-economic analysis, LCA, business and exploitation), being of same matters, are taken into account for comparison.
Leader
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Link
http://www.fuelfromwaste.eu/
Acronym
CoMETHy
Expanded Title
Compact Multifuel-Energy To Hydrogen converter
Programme and Description
Seventh Framework Programme - FCH JU CoMETHy aims at developing a flexible membrane reformer operating at “low temperatures” (< 550°C), to convert different fuels (methane, ethanol, etc.) and adaptable to different heat sources (solar, biomass, fossil, etc.). Molten salts (MS) are used to collect and store the heat from concentrating solar plants (CSP) or alternative sources like biomass or Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF). The MS stream provides the process heat to the steam reformer, steam generator, and other unit operations. This low temperature steam reforming (400-550°C rather than conventional 850-950°C) allows material cost reduction and leads to a compact device for multi-fuelled hydrogen production. Since that it can convert any fuel in Hydrogen, it could be a valuable resource to increase the hydrogen production into the UNIfHY reactor.
Leader
AGENZIA NAZIONALE PER LE NUOVE TECNOLOGIE, L'ENERGIA E LO SVILUPPO ECONOMICO SOSTENIBILE
Link
http://www.comethy.enea.it/
Acronym
3Emotion
Expanded Title
Environmentally friendly Efficient Electric Motion
Programme and Description
Seventh Framework Programme - FCH JU The project will bridge the gap between current fuel cell bus demonstration projects and larger scale deployment and the procurement foreseen by the FCH-JU Bus commercialization study. A targeted expansion of the EU fuel cell bus demonstration active ties in five key EU bus markets demonstrate the potential value of this technology for bus fleets. The hydrogen production is the UNIfHY principal purpose, hence the inherent results of this research could be very useful in order to realize a Hydrogen gas refuelling station.
Leader
Van Hool
Link
http://www.3emotion.eu/
Acronym
ROMEO
Expanded Title
Reactor Optimisation by Membrane Enhanced Operation
Programme and Description
Horizon 2020-SPIRE-2015 ROMEO focuses on a new reactor concept to drastically reduce energy consumption. It will lead to the manufacturing of bulk chemicals at considerably lower operational and investment costs. The project envisions the building of two demonstration plants to show the scalability to full scale industrial processes. Linde intends to demonstrate the feasibility of the reactor’s concept for the water-gas shift reaction, in which carbon monoxide (CO) and water react to form hydrogen (H2). If the new reactor concept is successful using CO or CO-containing syngas derived from biomass, the ROMEO researchers will have found a way of generating hydrogen from biogenic waste materials, for example wood waste.
Leader
EVONIK PERFORMANCE MATERIALS GMBH
Link
http://www.romeo-h2020.eu/
Acronym
SOFCOM
Expanded Title
Solid Oxide fuel Cell CCHP with poly-fuel: operation and maintenance
Programme and Description
Seventh Framework Programme - FCH JU The main general objective of SOFCOM is to demonstrate, for the first time, the high interest of electrochemical systems based on high temperature fuel cells to operate as the core of future energy systems cantered on the concept of Carbon Closed Loop. SOFCOM foresees two final demonstration of complete biogenous fuel-fed SOFC systems: DEMO1 and DEMO2, the latter one is related to the SOFC powered by Syngas, because of the gas stringent characteristics like hydrogen quality, gas cleaning, temperature involved, SOFCOM matches really fine with the mains technical problems encountered in UNIfHY.
Leader
POLITECNICO DI TORINO
Link
Acronym
GasPro-Bio-Waste
Expanded Title
Universal Gasification Process Analyser for Bio Mass and Organic Waste Treatment
Programme and Description
Seventh Framework Programme - SME The goal of this project is a new laboratory gasification process analyzer including several new in Situ high temperature concentration sensors for process application in a broad temperature and pressure range. The analyzer consists of a gravimetric pyrolyzer to determine the time dependent reaction rates of gasification processes under industry-oriented conditions and a following catalyzer unit for gas refinery treatment investigation. For high temperature concentration sensors different optical methods like UV/VIS, NIR, Raman and FTIR spectroscopy will be applied and several electro ceramic and piezo electric sensors for impedance, thermal conductivity, heat capacity, VOS and calorific value will be developed. The universal gasification processes analyzer is able to ensure a more direct applicability of UNIfHY toward its future commercialization.
Leader
AVANTES BV
Link
http://www.gaspro-bio-waste.eu/
Acronym
GreenSyngas
Expanded Title
Advanced cleaning devices for production of green syngas
Programme and Description
Seventh Framework Programme - Energy The main aim of the project was to develop and demonstrate advanced (bio) synthesis gas cleaning technologies based on physical separation (a combination of an optimised cyclone and sintered metal filter) and chemical conversion (in situ capture). The purified syngas produced would then be suitable for a number of downstream applications including conversion into synthetic biofuels for the transport sector, hydrogen, or electricity generation with carbon capture and storage (CCS). The hydrogen production is the UNIfHY principal purpose, hence the results inherent this research could be very useful in order to realize an effective gas cleaning and tar removal and successive reutilization in the combustion chamber.
Leader
LUNDS UNIVERSITET
Link
http://www.eat.lth.se/greensyngas/
Acronym
SOL2HY2
Expanded Title
Solar To Hydrogen Hybrid Cycles
Programme and Description
Seventh Research Framework Programme - FCH JU The project focuses on applied bottle-necks solving materials research, development and demonstration of the relevant key components of the solar-powered, CO2-free hybrid water splitting cycles, complemented by their advanced modeling and processes simulation with added conditions-specific technical-economical assessment, optimization, quantification and evaluation.
Leader
EnginSoft S.p.A.
Link
https://sol2hy2.eucoord.com/
Acronym
9. COPIRIDE
Expanded Title
Combining Process Intensification-driven Manufacture of Microstructured Reactors and Process Design regarding to Industrial Dimensions and Environment
Programme and Description
Seventh Framework Programme - NMP The ultimate ambition of COPIRIDE was to develop a new modular production and factory concept for the chemical industry using adaptable plants with flexible output (‘Future Factories’) for intensified processes under consideration of ecological sustainability and economic viability. With five field trials which present a good cross-section of reactions relevant to the EU chemical industry, the project results should industrially be demonstrated at pilot scale. One of the feasible market target of UNIfHY is the ammonia production, whose requires large hydrogen quantities, the studies undertaken by COPIRIDE regard also biomass gasification for decentralized ammonia production.
Leader
FRAUNHOFER GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.
Link
http://www.copiride.eu/
Acronym
CHRISGAS
Expanded Title
Clean Hydrogen-rich Synthesis Gas
Programme and Description
Sixth Framework Programme -SUSTDEV This project will develop and optimise an energy-efficient and cost-efficient method to produce hydrogen-rich gases from biomass, including residues. This gas can then be upgraded to commercial quality hydrogen or to synthesis gas for further upgrading to liquid fuels suchas DME and methanol or Fischer-Tropsch diesel. The hub of the project was the Varnamo Biomass Gasification Centre in Sweden and it used the existing and unique biomass-fuelled pressurised IGCC (integrated gasification combined-cycle) CHP (combined heat and power) plantin Varnamo as a pilot facility.
Leader
LINNAEUS UNIVERSITY
Link
Acronym
BIGPOWER
Expanded Title
Improvement of the S&T research capacity of TUBITAK-MRC IE in the fields of Integrated Biomass Gasification with Power Technologies
Programme and Description
Sixth Framework Programme - INCO The strategic objective of the 'T research capacity of TUBITAK-MRC Institute of Energy in the fields of integrated biomass gasification with power technologies' (BIGPower) project is to improve the research capacity of the centre on biomass gasification and integrated power technologies (herein referred to as the centre) at Tubitak MRC Institute of Energy (IE). Specifically, the centre aspires to improve its research capacity in the area of biomass energy. The project is relevant to European Commission's Priority Thematic Area 6-1, Sustainable Energy Systems.
Leader
TUBITAK Marmara Research Center Energy Institute
Link
Acronym
AER-GAS II
Expanded Title
Biomass Fluidised Bed Gasification with insitu Hot Gas Cleaning
Programme and Description
Sixth Framework Programme - SUSTDEV The AER-GAS II project is aimed at developing and demonstrating a new, efficient, and low-cost steam gasification process for clean conversion of solid biomass, as well as to open-up new biomass potentials like humid and mineral-rich resources
Leader
ZENTRUM FUER SONNENENERGIE- UND WASSERSTOFF-FORSCHUNG, BADEN-WUERTEMBERG
Link
http://www.aer-gas.de/index.php?l=B
Acronym
BIOCELLUS
Expanded Title
Biomass fuel cell utility system
Programme and Description
Sixth Framework Programme -SUSTDEV The BIOCELLUS project addressed the following two challenges. First, the gas quality necessary for a safe operation of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) should be determined by testing different membranes with real wood gas. Once the fuelcell requirements are known, an appropriate gas cleaning unit can be specified and constructed. The second part of the project concentrated on the integration of the biomass gasifier with the SOFC. A new concept, the so-called TopCycle, has been developed for thermal integration. It has been evaluated thermodynamically and economically and first steps towards its technical realisation have been made.
Leader
Institute for Energy Systems, Technische Universität München
Link
http://www.biocellus.com/
Acronym
BioMob
Expanded Title
Biomass Mobilisation
Programme and Description
Seventh Framework Programme - Regions The overall concept of BIOMOB was the development of research-driven clusters for biomass mobilisation. The project had a strong business focus and its ultimate goal was to see knowledge based enterprises grow and thrive in the biomass sectors. This would support the sustainable use of biomass. At a time of intense demand for renewable energy, real possibilities existed for the transformation of regional economies through the commercialisation of applied research in the mobilisation of biomass. The challenge was to identify appropriate biomass synergies between regions, research themes and enterprise opportunity. The biomass framework is the base on which it can rely in order to get the best exploitation of this important source of energy.
Leader
SHANNON FREE AIRPORT DEVELOPMENT COMPANY LTD
Link
Acronym
GREEN-FUEL-CELL
Expanded Title
SOFC Fuel cell fueled by biomass gasification gas
Programme and Description
Sixth Framework Programme -SUSTDEV The GREEN-FUEL-CELL project is aimed at producing a gas able to meet the requirements for fuel to feed solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) fuel cells through reliable, up-scalable and cost-effective staged gasification of biomass. The overall technical objective of the project was, therefore, to develop a tar decomposition and gas cleaning system that can be integrated with biomass gasifiers in order to make them able to produces a gas suitable for SOFC fuel cell application.
Leader
CENTRE DE COOPÉRATION INTERNATIONALE EN RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE POUR LE DÉVELOPPEMENT
Link
Acronym
BIO-PRETREAT
Expanded Title
Effect of Pre-treatments and/or Additives to the Operational Problems during the Fluidised Bed Gasification of High-Alkali Biomass for the Production of a Hydrogen-rich Gas Stream
Programme and Description
Sixth Framework Programme - Mobility The target of this project is to help to predict and reduce operational problems that arise from the fluidised bed gasification of high alkali biomass for the production of a hydrogen-rich gas stream. At the same time to increase the scientific collaboration, innovation and excellence in Europe by providing advanced training to a young promising researcher in one of the most dynamically developing research areas.
Leader
TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY MUNICH
Link
Acronym
CACHET II
Expanded Title
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Hydrogen Production with Membranes
Programme and Description
Seventh Framework Programme-ENERGY The CACHET-II project has been driving forward pure Pd membrane technology, developed in the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) CACHET project and suitable for natural gas applications. Pd membrane is permeable to H2 only. When applied to pre-combustion capture processes, H2 can be selectively separated from other syngas molecules and used as a fuel for clean power generation. The remaining stream contains mainly CO2 and unrecovered H2 and steam. Subsequent condensation of the steam leaves concentrated CO2 at high pressure, significantly reducing the compression energy for transport and storage. Pd membrane can be either applied as a separator on its own, or integrated with water-gas-shift (WGS) reactors to achieve CO to CO2 conversion and H2 / CO2 separation efficiently in one single step. UNIfHY needs of a H2 separator, this project fits fine to reach this aim.
Leader
BP EXPLORATION OPERATING COMPANY LTD
Link
Acronym
HBF2.0
Expanded Title
High performance flexible small scale biomass gasifier 2.0
Programme and Description
Italian Ministry of Economic Development National project developing flexible, efficient and low environmental impact biomass gasifier. The gasifier concept is based on the second version of the UNIfHY 100 gasifier
Leader
Walter Tosto S.p.a.
Link
Acronym
HBF
Expanded Title
Hy Bio Flex
Programme and Description
Lazio Region - Development Fund Concluded regional project developing flexible, efficient and low environmental impact biomass gasifier. The gasifier concept is the first version of the UNIfHY 100 gasifier.
Leader
ENERTECNA
Link
Acronym
HBF Hy Bio Flex
Expanded Title
Hy Bio Flex
Programme and Description
Lazio Region - Development Fund Concluded regional project developing flexible, efficient and low environmental impact biomass gasifier. The gasifier concept is the first version of the UNIfHY 100 gasifier.
Leader
ENERTECNA
Link
Acronym
Pycatmis
Expanded Title
Preparation and study of catalytic systems Fe/CaO efficient for pyrolysis / gasification and CO2 capture
Programme and Description
Programme PIE from CNRS Preparation and study of catalytic systems Fe/CaO efficient for pyrolysis / gasification and CO2 capture. This research project was part of the theme Optimising chemical and biological conversion of carbon: lignocellulosic biomass conversion. It aimed to promote a new source of energy: for Miscanthus, used alone or with wood. This was a development of the entire plant. The project objective was to optimize the thermochemical conversion of carbon by a catalytic process of pyrolysis / gasification by steam. The endothermic balance of the process was greatly improved by the capture of CO2 through an alkaline earth oxide. The general objective of the work developed in ICPEES lab was to prepare and study bi-functional materials that sorbed CO2 using calcium oxide phase as sorbent and at the same time to improve the production of hydrogen in the steam reforming reaction of the tars using an iron phase. The feasibility of this concept was proven in this project, both in fixed bed reactor at laboratory scale and in larger scale in a bubbling fluidized bed reactor. This previous project permitted us to focuses our research in UNIfHY on Ni catalysts instead of Fe catalysts for tar reforming.
Leader
Université de Strasbourg
Link
Acronym
BioSNG
Expanded Title
BioSNG - Electric System Research
Programme and Description
Italian Ministry of Economic Development, Sub-programme: Bioenergy The results achieved in UNIfHY project will be used as process inputs in the development of a process aimed at the production of BioSNG from residual feedstocks via biomass gasification. In this activity the 1 MWth gasification plant will be operated in the configuration with the HT filtration system for in-situ particulate removal
Leader
ENEA
Link
Acronym
HYDROSYN
Expanded Title
Development of technologies for production and combustion with a low environmental impact of gaseous fuels with high hydrogen content
Programme and Description
MIUR Italian Ministry of Research. (Progetto MIUR n.989 ai sensi del D.M. 593 – 08/08/2000) UNIfHY project is related to HYDROSYN project, which run from 2003 to 2006. This project demonstrated the feasibility of the fluidized bed gasifier to produce a hydrogen rich syngas suitable for a turbine combustor. During the project a lab scale BFB gasifier, dynamically similar to the pilot gasifier, was tested with almond shells and the fluid dynamics of the bed was studied with a cold model test rig. advanced gasifier and water gas shift technologies for low cost coal conversion to high hydrogen syngas
Leader
CRIS
Link
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PROGRAMME REVIEW DAYS 2016
Marconi University

UNIfHY Final meeting in December 2015
Marconi University

PROGRAMME REVIEW DAYS 2015
Marconi University

MID TERM MEETING
CIRPS

Marconi University becomes the new coordinating organization
Marconi University

First project technical progress meeting in Strasbourg
Cirps

UNIfHY Kick Off Meeting Minute
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